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Zika Virus - Testing, Treatment & Care

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Zika virus is diagnosed after reviewing symptoms and travel history.  Blood and urine tests are available to help diagnoseCDC_SickWChikDenZika Zika virus infections.  The type of test your medical provider orders depends on whether or not you have symptoms and when you last had possible exposure to the Zika virus through travel or sexual activity.

There are no medications that treat Zika virus directly.  People who are infected and have symptoms should:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Take medicines, such as acetaminophen or paracetamol, to relieve fever and pain.
  • Do not take aspirin and other non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen.  Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding).  If you are takingmedicine for another medical condition, talk to your health care provider before taking additional medication.

If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first 2 weeks of your illness.  During the first weeks of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites.  An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.  Also, abstain from sexual activity or use a barrier method during sexual activity (e.g., condom) to prevent exposing your partners to the Zika virus.